Wednesday, 2 November 2011


Anxiety and worry is part and parcel of human existence and that could be dated back to the creation of man in the bible. But anxiety would become a thing of concern when it begins to interfere with ones daily activities. Generalized Anxiety Disorder also known as GAD is associated with much worry and anxiety about our daily life event without any serious reason. People with such problems always expect disasters and also worry about health and other things about life. The type of worry of people with anxiety is mostly unrealistic and out of control compared to the problem at hand. For them everything is a sign of constant worry of fear and catastrophe and it interferes with their daily life situations such as work, school, social life and relationships.
·       Excess worry and tension
·       Unrealistic view of problems
·       Irritability
·       Restlessness
·       Muscle tension
·       Headaches
·       Sweating
·        Problems with concentration or assimilation
·       Feeling of vomiting
·       Feeling of going to bathroom frequently
·       Fatigue
·       Difficulty falling asleep trembling
·        Getting angry easily.  
                 CAUSES OF ANXIETY
Genetic Makeup: research suggests that family history may play a very vital role in inheriting anxiety as it can be passed from generation to generation. Parents with serious anxiety problems could passed it on to generations yet unborn.
Brain Chemistry: anxiety has been associated with abnormal level of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. These are chemical messengers in the brain that help move information from nerve cell to nerve cell. If neurotransmitters are out of balance information cannot get through to the brain properly. This can alter the way the brain reacts in some situations and then leading to anxiety.
Environmental Factors: stressful and traumatic events such as death of a loved one, lost of job, school, and divorce may lead to anxiety.
Substance Abuse: the use of or sudden withdraw from addictive substance such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine can worsen anxiety.
If there is no physical medical problem observed by the medical doctor, the persons concerned will have to be referred to a psychiatrist, psychologist or mental health expert who are trained in anxiety related issues and then treated accordingly. The treatment for anxiety is a combination of medication and psychotherapy that can also be called psycho-pharmacological treatment. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT is one of the most common psychotherapy widely acclaimed.
1.   Medication is useful for those whose anxiety interferes with their daily activities. Otherwise psychotherapy would be sufficient. The medications that could be used in treating anxiety on the short term is from the group of medication called benzodiazepines and they are also called tranquilizers which makes people calm and relaxed. These medications work by decreasing the physical symptom of anxiety such as muscle tensions and restlessness. The common benzodiazepines are VALIUM, LIBRIUM, XANAK, ATIVAN etc. Antidepressant s like ZOLOFT, PAXIL, EFFEXOR, PROZAC, LEXAPRO and the other like. These antidepressants are more appropriate for long term treatment of anxiety.
2.  Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is used for people suffering from any kind of anxiety disorder in which they learn to change and recognize thought patterns and behaviors that lead to anxiety. This therapy looks at distorted thinking that leads to worries and help them look at situations realistically.
3.  Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and other exercises could be of help in reducing anxiety related problems.
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